meet the Legends: Elizabeth Carter Clifton

Lived an extraordinarily hard life.

Born in Alabama in 1825, she married a free black in 1842.  They came to Texas and established a ranch and the Carter Trading House, a boarding house near Fort Belknap.  In 1857, her father-in-law and husband were both murdered.  She later married an Army lieutenant, who disappeared 8 months later.  Her boarding house prospered once the Butterfield Overland Mail began stopping at Fort Belknap.  She married one of her ranch hands, who was murdered 18 months later.  In 1864, she was captured in the Elm Creek Raid, along with two granddaughters.  She was rescued in 1865 and ended up in Fort Griffin with her granddaughter Lottie, where she would lose yet another husband.